B.C. company slashes cost of turning carbon in the air into fuel

Carbon Engineering to ramp up existing direct air capture system to commercial scale within the next three years.

2 June 12, 2018
The Canadian Press
The Canadian Press

Carbon Engineering

Carbon Engineering outlines what it calls direct air capture in which carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere through a chemical process, then combined with hydrogen and oxygen to create fuel.

It sounds like spinning straw into gold: suck carbon dioxide from the air where it’s contributing to climate change and turn it into fuel for cars, trucks and jets.

A British Columbia company says in newly published research that it’s doing just that – and for less than one-third the cost of other companies working on the same technology.

“This isn’t a PowerPoint presentation,” said Steve Oldham of Carbon Engineering. “It’s real.”

As policy-makers work on ways to try to keep global warming within the two-degree limit of the Paris agreement, fears have been raised that carbon dioxide emissions won’t be cut fast enough. Some say carbon will have to be actively removed from the atmosphere.

In an article published Thursday in the peer-reviewed journal Joule, Carbon Engineering outlines what it calls direct air capture in which carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere through a chemical process, then combined with hydrogen and oxygen to create fuel.

“If these aren’t renewable fuels, what are?” said David Keith, professor of applied physics at Harvard University, lead author of the paper and principal in Carbon Engineering.

At least seven companies worldwide are working on the idea. Swiss-based Climeworks has already built a commercial-scale plant.

It costs Climeworks about US$600 a tonne to remove carbon from the atmosphere. Carbon Engineering says it can do the job for between US$94 and US$232 a tonne because it uses technology and components that are well understood and commercially available.

“We’re tapping into existing industrial equipment and then defining a new process and applying some unique chemistry to it,” said Oldham.

Carbon Engineering’s plant in Squamish, B.C., currently pulls about one tonne of carbon a day from the air and produces about two barrels of fuel. Since its components are off the rack, it should be easy to scale up, Oldham said.

“We’ve bought the smallest scalable unit of each piece of technology we have.”

Carbon Engineering’s fuel costs about 25 per cent more than gasoline made from oil. Oldham said work is being done to reduce that.

Because the plant currently uses some natural gas, by the time the fuel it produces has been burned it has released a half-tonne of carbon dioxide for every tonne removed from the air. That gives it a carbon footprint 70 per cent lower than a fossil fuel, he said.

That footprint would shrink further if the plant were all-electric. And if it ran on wind- or solar-generated electricity, the fuel would be almost carbon neutral.

Long-distance transportation would welcome such fuel, suggested Keith.

“Solar and wind power have got amazingly cheap, but only in really great sites and only when the wind is blowing and the sun is shining,” he said. “That cheap power doesn’t magically make an airplane go from Winnipeg to Halifax.”

“Putting a price on carbon has been crucial to Carbon Engineering’s development,” Oldham said. “Carbon Engineering’s next step is to build a full-scale plant, which will take about 2 1/2 years,” he said.

“One of the great benefits of making fuel from air is energy independence, said Oldham. “Any country, any region, can have its own fuel. They’d be no longer dependent on the geopolitical situation if Country X has oil and Country Y does not.”

News from © Canadian Press Enterprises Inc. 2016



2 Comments » for B.C. company slashes cost of turning carbon in the air into fuel
  1. Is it just need for click-bait? Why do people keep posting this drivel?
    The picture is an artistic conception. The actual building is a shed.

    Look, this Carbon capture thing is total B.S. — It will result in MORE CO2 being generated by the powerplants required to power this boondogle. People, please consider –> IF they could make fuel out of the CO2 they captured… they could use that fuel to run the powerplants required to power their capture filter. Encapsulated as a single process — this would be a perpetual motion machine in violation of the 1st and 2nd Law of Thermodynamics.

    There is nothing, absolutely nothing, no technology, no wishful thinking, no parade of dancing squirrels that violates the laws of physics.
    The ONLY thing ANY carbon-capture can accomplish — is to increase the net entropy of the energy consumption system. That is, to _increase_ the waste heat dumped into the atmosphere and increase the CO2 dumped into the atmosphere.
    Dr. Gary Rutledge, Physicist

    • Mike McLeod Mike McLeod says:

      Hi Gary. Carbon Engineering isn’t claiming, and the article isn’t suggesting, that the company’s process creates more energy than it consumes, thereby violating the laws of thermodynamics. Instead, they are claiming that the process captures more CO2 from the air than it emits in powering the system, whether the fuel used is of its own creation, natural gas or wind/solar/etc. Further, the company says its process is significantly cheaper than other competing negative emission technologies, which typically cost a prohibitive ~$600 per tonne.

      It seems the company is looking to scale up their test platform with the intent of commercializing a carbon neutral fuel. In this respect, they hope to re-capture atmospheric CO2 and thereby help hold present CO2 levels steady while displacing traditional fossil fuels that introduce new CO2 into the air.

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